McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing group based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Formula One constructor and likewise has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis fitter, and has actually won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing championship. The group is the 2nd oldest active, and second most effective Formula One team after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Chauffeurs' Championships and 8 Fitters' Championships. The team is an entirely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their biggest initial success remained in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Further American accomplishment followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren automobiles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a screening mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the group to their very first Formula One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Project Four Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and quickly after organised a buyout of the initial McLaren investors to take full control of the group. This began the team's most effective age: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them 7 Drivers' Champions and the group took six Manufacturers' Champions. The combination of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later on their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams used the most consistent challenge throughout this period, the two winning every manufacturers' title in between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had actually transferred to Williams, and the team went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, more champions came in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the group were consistent front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their newest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, turning over to very long time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season considering that 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be utilizing Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the first time since 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until a minimum of 2024. After initially going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Solution One team Cooper with whom he had actually won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Championship. Wishing to compete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when group owner Charles Cooper insisted on utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by Click here for more info the Tasman guidelines, Bruce decided to establish his own team to run him and his potential Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper cars and trucks.